Lots of America’s nice newspapers have moved away from even the pretense of political neutrality. That custom dates to 1835, when a Scottish immigrant named James Gordon Bennett based the New York Herald. He had $500 in capital, an workplace in a dank cellar, and solely himself as employees.
With a dozen different papers within the metropolis, nobody thought the Herald would quantity to a lot. However by the point Bennett died in 1872, the Herald had the biggest circulation on the planet, its promoting income was second solely to the Instances of London, and his energy to form public opinion was immense, as was the fortune he had earned.
The Herald was one thing new below the journalistic solar. Newspapers had beforehand dealt both with slender topics, equivalent to delivery or monetary information, or have been brazenly partisan, typically even sponsored by a political occasion.
Newspapers have been additionally costly. They normally value 6 cents when an unskilled workman may count on to make 75 cents a day, in order that they have been principally learn in taverns and low homes.